Bone disease, particularly osteoporosis, is one of the most common health problems among older men and women. Osteoporosis is a condition in which bones become less dense, making them weaker, more fragile, and more likely to break. Research has shown that there is a link between bone loss in the jaw and osteoporosis.
Reduced Bone Density
Because the jawbone functions to support and fix the teeth in place, tooth loss can occur if it weakens due to decreased bone density. Numerous studies have found that individuals, especially women, are three times more likely to experience tooth loss compared to those without osteoporosis. In addition to tooth loss, decreased bone density also leads to other dental problems. Patients who wear dentures are more likely to have loose or misfit dentures, while those who undergo surgery may experience poorer healing and less optimal results.
Periodontal disease is an oral health problem that affects the support structures of the teeth. Severe forms of periodontitis cause deterioration of bone and connective tissue, which can eventually cause the teeth involved to fall out or loosen and eventually be removed.
Bone Disease Treatment
But experts are hopeful that increased bone density has a positive effect on dental health.
One of the most common drugs used to treat osteoporosis is a group of drugs called bisphosphonates. Such risks are greatest for patients receiving high-dose intravenous drugs, which are often used to treat bone cancer. Osteoradionecrosis is rare in people who take the drug orally.
Improving Bone and Oral Health
Adopting a healthy lifestyle is important for keeping your bones strong and healthy. Eat a balanced diet rich in vitamin D and calcium to optimize bone health. Exercise regularly and focus on doing weight-bearing, weight-building exercises. It is also recommended that you quit smoking and limit your alcohol intake. Regarding your oral health, if you notice any loose teeth, gingival recession or a denture that doesn’t fit properly, contact your dentist immediately.