Periodontology is the specialty of dentistry that studies tissues surrounding and supporting structures of teeth, as well as diseases and conditions that affect these tissues. In cases of when oral hygiene is inadequate, the increased number of bacteria in the oral environment causes inflammation which is called gingivitis.  When gingivitis occurs, the colour of the gum is dark red contrary to the look of healthy gums and bleeding gums may appear while toothbrushing or spontaneously. This leads to tooth sensitivities, gum recession and sometimes acute pains. This dentistry branch that covers the treatment of teeth and surrounding tissues provides solutions to health problems such as tartar accumulation on tooth surface and roots, gum recession, bone loss, improper gum colour and levels.

How To Brush Your Teeth?

Tooth brushing should be done twice a day. All tooth surfaces should be brushed effectively and adequately.

How Should A Toothbrush Be?

Round-tipped toothbrushes with synthetic bristles that can easily reach the back of the teeth should be preferred.

How A Toothpaste Should Be?

Toothpastes provide motivation rather than increasing the effectiveness of brushing. Using a toothpaste whose taste you like will increase your brushing time.

People having tooth sensitivity problems can use pastes with a formulation that eliminates this discomfort.

How Should Brushing Technique Be?

The important thing is that the toothbrush should contact all tooth surfaces effectively.

Horizontal movements should be avoided.

The brushing direction should always be from gingiva to tooth.

Aggressive actions should be avoided.

The tongue should also be brushed.

What happens if we Brush our teeth horizontaly and with pressure?

In the long term, abrasions occur in the parts of the teeth close to the gums.

Gingival recession and tooth sensitivity associated with this recession develop.

Complete cleaning cannot be achieved because dental plaque cannot be removed effectively.

Is gum bleeding normal during toothbrushing?

Gum bleeding is a sign of unhealthy gums. You should definitely consult with a dentist.

Is the use of dental floss necessary?

Even with effective toothbrushing, it is not possible to reach the interfaces of teeth. We can only clean these areas with dental floss. Otherwise, decays form at tooth interfaces.

What is interface toothbrush?

It is a type of brush that can reach the interdental spaces formed depending on gingival recessions.

Is it important to use mouthwash?

Using mouthwash alone does not have a therapeutic effect. It should be used after toothbrushing.

Electric Toothbrushes

It is easier for people with poor toothbrushing skills or disabled individuals to use these brushes. They clean more effectively than manual toothbrushing. The important point is to use the toothbrush without too much pressure.

Bad breath is a problem that will seriously affect social life. The presence of bad breath decreases self-confidence and lead to problems in communicating.

What causes bad breath?

Poor oral hygiene


Respiratory disease


Digestion Problems

Old Prostheses

Gum problems and presence of tartar

Is it possible to prevent bad breath?

It is possible to prevent bad breath by a regular and an effective oral care and by brushing tongue following toothbrush.

What is gum recession?

Gum recession means the movement of the gum towards the root of the tooth. Following gingival recession, bone tissue also recedes. As a result, losses occur in the supporting tissues of the teeth.

What causes gum recession?

Wrong toothbrushing technique

Accumulation of dental plague and tartar

Mechanical trauma

Bad habits such as nail biting and bruxism

Poor oral hygiene



Wrong use of toothpick

What are the symptoms of gum recession?

Exposed tooth root surfaces

Lengthening of tooth as a result of recession

Increased sensitivity

Aesthetic problems

Root cavities

Loose teeth

What is the treatment of gum recession?

A treatment should be applied to eliminate the factor that causes gingival recession. If there is an excessive gum recession, surgery is required.

What is tooth sensitivity?

Tooth sensitivity is the sudden reaction of the tooth to stimuli such as hot, cold, sweet and sour. Patients with this problem disrupt their dental care due to pain. This leads to more gingival recession and herewith more sensitivity.

In which teeth may sensitivity be seen?

It is more common especially in incisors and premolars.

What causes sensitivity?

Gum disease


Hard and traumatic toothbrushing

Fractures and cracks in teeth

How is sensitivity treated?

Fluoride-content desensitizing agents are applied to the relevant areas.

Sensitizing toothpastes are used.

Gum treatments are performed.

We can lengthen the teeth by the gum treatment called as gingivectomy. Short-looking teeth can have the ideal length when some gum tissue is removed.

Sometimes, in cases where only removal of gum tissue is not enough, the underlying bone tissue can be shaped to lengthen the tooth.

Dark gingival colour may be due to smoking habits or due to pigment that gives dark color to the skin in dark-skinned individuals. Changing the colour of the gum is possible in two ways. Either epithelial layer of the gum is removed surgically or by laser application. Nowadays, the laser treatment is preferred more because it gives easier and faster results.

It is important toothbrushing twice a day and to use dental floss after toothbrushing.

The dental products used should be chosen correctly and toothbrushing should be done effectively. The direction of brushing should be from gum to tooth. In this way, the gums do not recede and dental plaque is effectively removed.

Consumption of sugary and acidic foods should be reduced. Harmful habits such as smoking should be avoided.

Regular dental check-ups should be made once every 6 months.

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