Orthodontics is a specialty of dentistry that deals with malocclusion, i.e. problems in the alignment of the teeth and dentofacial disharmony. Orthodontic treatment aims to improve the masticatory and speech functions in addition to the improvement of the aesthetic appearance of the patient. As a result of the treatment, an ideal jaw relationship and a smooth alignment of teeth are achieved.
A number of medical dental materials such as braces, clear aligners (invisalign), jaw appliances are used in the orthodontic treatment to achieve these results.
Orthodontics,Orthodontics is a specialty of dentistry that deals with malocclusion, i.e. problems in the alignment of the teeth and dentofacial disharmony.
Orthodontist is a dentist who is certified with orthodontics specialty of dentistry.
Orthodontic treatment is important for a few reasons:
Proper alignment of the teeth and jaw can prevent extensive dental and joint disorders that the patient may experience over time.
Orthodontic treatments may prevent future jaw surgeries for patients having severe jaw problems.
Facial aesthetics and lip position can be improved with orthodontic treatment. Orthodontic treatment is very important not only for a smooth alignment of the teeth, but also for jaw and lip aesthetics.
Early loss of primary teeth
Bad oral hygiene
Gaps between teeth
Breathing from mouth
Before starting orthodontic treatment, all other dental treatments (filling, extraction, periodontal treatment, etc.) must be completed. Meanwhile, your dentist will conduct caries risk analysis and guide you for necessary preventive treatments. Panoramic x-rays are taken for an effective treatment planning. Before and after photographs of your face, mouth and teeth are taken to assess how the treatment is progressing. Measurements of the upper and lower jaw are also made enabling the creation of a personalized diagnosis. As a result of all these measurements and analyses, you are provided a treatment plan with its alternative based on the diagnosis.
After treatment plan is prepared, in case of recommendation of use of fixed orthodontic device by the orthodontist, the brackets are mounted to each tooth one by one with a special glue and are hardened with beam. After the brackets are all in place, brackets are connected with a wire.
After start of the treatment, you should visit your orthodontist once a month for check. During these visits, the conditions of brackets are checked and the brace may be changed depending on the course of the treatment.
In order not to prolong or interrupt the treatment, periodic visits for orthodontic checkups should not be neglected and the recommendations of the orthodontist should be strictly followed.
You may feel a pressure on your teeth after the brace is placed, this pain and tightness is the force used to move the teeth. This pain goes away within one week.
In some orthodontic treatments, teeth can be extracted. Tooth extraction is one of the important methods of gaining space in orthodontic treatments.
If you have a severe orthodontic disorder, your jaw is too far forward or back, you may undergo orthognathic surgery depending on the severity of the disorder. If orthodontic treatment itself is not sufficient to treat jaw disorder, it is possible to have orthognathic surgery with brackets inside your mouth while orthodontic treatment continues.
The duration of treatment depends on severity of the orthodontic problem. It takes a period ranging from 8 months to 30 months. The duration of the brace treatment depends on the knowledge, care and cooperation of the patient with the orthodontist.
Minor difficulties while speaking may be experienced for the first week of adaptation period after the brace was placed. At the end of first week, these difficulties in your speech will disappear.
Considering that the braces in the mouth are very sensitive, biting should not be done especially while eating, hard foods should not be consumed and the foods should be consumed by dividing or cutting into pieces before eating if possible. Soft drinks such as cola and mineral water should be avoided and if you cannot avoid them, you should drink them through a straw. Sticky foods such as chewing gum, Turkish delight etc. should not be consumed.
All nuts are prohibited because eating nuts causes brackets and braces to get loose.
More attention should be paid to oral hygiene after braces are placed. If the teeth and brackets are not cleaned properly, the braces remaining in the mouth for a long time may cause dental cavities. Since the spaces between the brackets are suitable for the accumulation of food residues and bacteria, they should be kept clean using various tools.
Patients using braces should brush their teeth every day. If teeth are not cleaned properly, bacteria accumulate around the brackets causing tartar.
In order not to damage the braces, definitely, a small-headed, flat and soft bristled toothbrush should be used. In addition, interdental brushes should be used to reach between the teeth.
Proper alignment of teeth with orthodontic treatment is possible at any age. Adults can also use braces by preparing a detailed personalized treatment plan after clinical examination.
At the end of orthodontic treatment, the teeth are cleaned after the braces are removed. The preservation of the result is as important as the treatment. Therefore, at the end of the treatment, fixed or removable guards called as retainers are prepared in order to prevent teeth from going back to their original positions.
Fixed retainer is bonded to the inner surfaces of the front teeth to fix the teeth together. They do not affect speech and toothbrushing.
Removable retainers are made by taking an impression of your teeth in their current position. These transparent retainers are also invisible and can be removed at any time.