What is implant?
Implants are the best elements that can be used as an alternative for natural teeth. Compared to conventional bridge and palatine dentures, they offer more esthetic, functional and phonetic characteristics.
Implant treatments applied by an expert dentist will increase the rate of success. Because correct indication and applying increase the durability of an implant.
Implants have been used in dentistry for many years and became the most popular area of modern dentistry with the developments in materials during the last decade. Implants are alternatives to conventional prosthesis and are offering various treatment options to both fixed and removable prosthesis.
The most important advantages are the ability to replace missing tooth without any need for preparation of neighbor teeth in case of one missing tooth and using removable prosthesis instead of fixed dentures in case of missing more than 1 tooth. Moreover, with implants, the disadvantages of total dentures, or generally known as palatine dentures, will be eliminated.
Of course not all implants replace conventional dentures, at this point it’s important that the dentist can determine the right indication and treatment with his/her knowledge, expertise and experience.
Frequently Asked Questions About Implants
Can implants be applied in all missing teeth cases?
They can be applied in almost all cases.
Is there an age limit for implant applications?
We don’t recommend implant applications for children whose teeth developments are not completed. For young patients in need of this kind of restoration, we recommend using temporary dentures until they complete their development. Later implant treatment can be applied. There is not a maximum age limit for implant applications. They can be applied to old patients as well.
Can implants be applied to all kind of bones?
In order to make an implant treatment successful it is important to find suitable bone. With the latest techniques, implant application is possible by applying operations such as sinus lift and/or bone grafting.
Is there a risk of rejection of the implant by the body?
Implants can be made from alloys such as titanium, zirconium as well as ceramic materials like porcelain. Common characteristic of these materials is that they are not rejected by the body as a foreign material. The body doesn’t produce antigens against these materials.
What is the process off an implant treatment?
Although the duration of an implant treatment is longer than conventional prosthesis, the results achieved with implants are far better.
Implant treatment is applied in 2 steps, surgical and prosthesis. The surgical step is decreased to 6 weeks with the developments of new materials. Under normal conditions this period varies between 2-3 months. However, duration of the treatment might be longer in case a sinus lift and/or bone dust grafting are applied. Prosthesis step is similar to conventional prosthesis steps.
Can implants be applied to patients with diabetes?
There is no harm in applying to patients whose blood glucose level is under control.
Will there be pain during and after the implant treatment?
Implant applications are done under local anesthesia, so the patient feels no pain. Some patients may have fear of surgery, in such cases the patient receives a sedative medication before the treatment. With a sufficient post-operative care and regular medication, a comfortable recovery period is possible. Many patients claim that pain felt after an implant operation is less than after a tooth extraction.
Is there any swelling and bruising after an implant surgery?
Although not very often, patients may have such post-operative complaints. During the first 12 hours postoperative, applying a cold compress is recommended.
Do the implants drop?
With a high-quality implant combined with the dentist’s experience, the success rate of an implant treatment reaches to 98%.
Selection of implant materials is very important. It’s necessary to use implants which quality and safety are proven with various clinical studies.
Can a new implant be placed incase of a lost implant?
Implant lost usually occurs within 6 months following surgery. Similar to tooth extraction, implant is removed, recover of the bone is awaited and then a new implant is placed. Losses occurred in later periods are usually related to gingival problems.
Do the implants give any harm to the body?
Implants give no harm to the human health. Since implants help available bone to function, it also helps maintaining the amount of bone.
Does smoking have any impact on implant application?
In heavy smokers, infection risk of the implant zone is 2-3 fold higher and recovery is slow. Implants not recommended for these patients. Especially smoking during early periods increases the risk of infection.
What is seamless implant treatment?
By using a tool called “a dental punch” the gum is hold like a lid and then the implant is placed. Both surgical and recovery periods are shorter. Also, another big advantage of this punch technique is that there is no stitch and bleeding.
Is an implant required for each missing tooth?
Although this is ideal for fixed dentures, a few missing teeth can be replaced by two or more implants.
Can a temporary prosthesis be used after implant treatment?
Following the surgery, especially for patients using palatine dentures, temporary prosthesis can be used at the same day with mini implants prepared.
Is daily-care of implants important?
Daily care of implants influences the durability of implants. With an insufficient daily-care, problems on the gums surrounding the implant may lead to implant loss over time.
Daily-care of implants is not that difficult. It’s easy when enough time is given. You will be informed by your dentist of required daily-care according to the type of the prosthesis.
In which cases can the implant be applied?
Patients with a toothless lower jaw.
When patients with an edentulous lower jaw use palatine prosthesis, the movement of the tongue and absence of enough supporting tissue, the prosthesis becomes very free and functional problems arise. Movements because off coughing or yawing may displace prosthesis. Continuous indentation and increased bone desorption may worsen the situation. At least two implants applied to these patients will eliminate the problem and will improve the patient’s quality of life. When sufficient bone is available, fixed dentures can be applied easily.
Patients with toothless upper jaw.
In these patients movement is not as bad as at the lower jaw. With two implants, it is possible to increase the adhesiveness and the space occupied by the prosthesis gets smaller. This will ease the use of prosthesis and make the patient feel physiologically more comfortable. Especially patients with nausea problems, will feel better with the smaller space of the prosthesis.
Implants are used widely when a few teeth are missing on both upper and lower jaw. Instead of constructing bridge restorations (fixed dentures) implant application will be more suitable. It’s a big advantage with implant treatment, patients who have to use removable prosthesis, can also use fixed dentures.
For patients with only one missing tooth, instead of sacrificing two teeth, making only one implant will protect the neighbor teeth and prevent bone desorption.
What are the advantageous of implant-supported fixed restorations?
Patient feels comfortable like if they were his own teeth
Less food retention
Requires less daily care
Can be used easily
With implant treatment;
A good esthetic
Easy chewing and healthy-balanced nutrition as is done with natural teeth
Comfort in speaking
With an improved self-confidence, a happier social life.
Comfort in smiling
Currently, when implants are applied with correct diagnosis, sufficient knowledge, experience and equipment, very satisfactory results are achieved for the patients and they can be used for many years without any problem.
Sinus Lift, Sinus lifting
A sinus lift is surgery that adds bone to your upper jaw in the area of your molars and premolars. It's sometimes called a sinus augmentation. The bone is added between your jaw and the maxillary sinuses, which are on either side of your nose. To make room for the bone, the sinus membrane has to be moved upward, or "lifted." A sinus lift is usually done by a specialist, this can be either an oral and maxillofacial surgeon or a periodontist.
There are several reasons for this:
Many people who have lost teeth in their upper jaw — particularly the back teeth, or molars — do not have enough bone for implants to be placed. Because of the anatomy of the skull, the back of the upper jaw has less bone than the lower jaw.
Bone may have been lost because of periodontal (gum) disease.
Tooth loss may have led to a loss of bone as well.
The bone used in a sinus lift may come from your own body (autogenous bone), from a cadaver (allogeneic bone) or from cow bone (xenograft). You will need X-rays taken before your sinus lift so the dentist can study the anatomy of your jaw and sinus.
After the procedure, you may have some swelling of the area. You may bleed from your mouth or nose. Do not blow your nose or sneeze forcefully. Either one could cause the bone-graft material to move, and loosen the stitches.
What is Bone Grafting?
The success of dental implants is directly related with the amount of surrounding bone tissue. Bone loss may develop due to various factors, however new technologies allow us to increase the amount of bone by transplanting the patient’s own bones or using bone grafting.
With radiological techniques before surgery, it’s possible to detect if bone grafting is applicable.