You know that there are some changes in your body during pregnancy. But did you know that there can also be changes in your mouth?
In addition to seeing your obstetrician regularly during pregnancy, it’s also important to make regular dental appointments. Some research shows that periodontal disease may be a risk factor and cause premature birth.
Changes in Your Teeth During Pregnancy
During pregnancy, hormonal changes can increase acidity in the mouth, causing an increase in cavities. This may also be due to increased sugar intake caused by craving and decreased attention to preventative dental care.
Ligaments and bones in the mouth can loosen temporarily during pregnancy, causing the teeth to wobble slightly. This does not increase tooth loss, but it can be worrisome. Other conditions can also cause teeth to become loose, so it’s a good idea to have this checked and confirm the cause of the movement.
Especially in the third trimester, the body’s inflammatory response increases the amount of bacteria and plaque that adheres to the teeth, leading to swelling and bleeding of the gums, or gingivitis. Bacteria and plaque release toxins that can cause infection in the gums and bones. In severe, untreated cases, this infection can enter the bloodstream and cause significant illness.
Recommended Dental Care During Pregnancy
Everyone (whether pregnant or not) should have a dental cleaning and evaluation at least every six months. Poor oral hygiene has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, respiratory infection and oral osteoporosis.
Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, but also know that most preventive treatments during pregnancy are safe. Delaying treatment can lead to further problems and increase the risk of preterm delivery.
At home, continue your routine dental care during pregnancy.
Limit sugary foods and drinks
Brush twice a day with a fluoride-containing toothpaste.
If your gums are irritated, try rinsing with salt water (1 teaspoon of salt in 1 glass of warm water). If that doesn’t help, see your dentist.
Taking care of your teeth is important at every stage of life, but mouth and tooth changes occur during pregnancy that should not be ignored. By maintaining regular dentist visits, you will be ready to welcome your baby with a beautiful and healthy smile.